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European Labour Law Network

ECJ Case C-180/14 (Commission v Greece)

CROATIA - ECJ Case C-180/14 (Commission v Greece) will not have implications on Croatian law.

The working time of doctors (and other employees in the health care sector) is regulated in Article 162 of Health Care Act (Official Gazette No. 150/2008, 155/2009, 71/2010, 22/2011, 84/2011, 154/2011, 12/2012, 35/2012, 70/2012, 144/2012, 82/2013, 159/2013, 22/2014 and 154/2014), Ordinance on the beginning, completion and schedule of working time of health care institutions and private health care workers in the public health service network (Official Gazette No. 4/2014) and the Collective Agreement for the Health Care and Health Insurance Sector (Official Gazette No. 143/2013 and 96/2015).

A work week cannot exceed 48 hours, including on-call hours (Article 162(5) of the Health Care Act). In exceptional cases, it may exceed 48 hours (and may reach up to 50 hours a week) upon written consent of the doctor/employee (Article 162(6) of the Health Care Act read together with Article 65(3) of the Labour Act). Doctors (as well as other employees in the health care sector) are entitled to a 12-hour daily rest period. In exceptions, a daily rest period may last 10 hours in the primary health care sector (Article 33 (1) of the Collective Agreement for the Health Care and Health Insurance Sector). Employees in the health care sector may not work more than 16 consecutive hours, except in cases of force majeure or urgent intervention (Article 33 (2) of the Collective Agreement for the Health Care and Health Insurance Sector).